Whether you’re building or renovating your home, consider the architecture of the house, the cost of construction, energy efficiency, and finally, the choice of materials for the roof before having a roof installation. Roofing material is an important factor that can affect the appearance, comfort, and expenses of your house. Two popular roofing materials among U.S. homeowners are asphalt shingles and metal roofs. Although metal roofs are generally more expensive to install, they typically require less upkeep. On the other hand, shingle roofs remain the most popular choice as they are usually more affordable. Let’s take a closer look at both to help you decide which roofing material to choose.
What Are Asphalt Shingles?Asphalt shingles are made of ceramic granules on top, smooth asphalt on a fiberglass base, and nailed in a staggered pattern onto wood-framed roofing structures with a sloped design. These shingles have a lifespan of up to 30 years and are recyclable, making them a sustainable option that can be used in pavement production.
What Are Metal Roofs?Metal roofing comes in large flat sheets and can be folded longitudinally in different pattern categories, such as corrugated metals and flat seam metal roofing. Metal roofs are sturdy and low-maintenance, secured with screws or nails and rubber washers as gaskets. On average, these can last up to 80 years, depending on design and material.
What Are the Pros and Cons of Metal Roofing and Asphalt Shingles?
Asphalt Shingles Pros
- Asphalt shingles are classic, affordable, and durable roofing materials perfect for the budget-conscious homeowner, lasting for up to 30 years.
- The installation process for asphalt shingles is also quicker and more straightforward compared to metal roofs.
- There’s a wide range of styles and colors to choose from that would suit your home’s design.
Asphalt Shingles Cons
- Asphalt shingles are also susceptible to damage. They have poor snow retention, which can cause leaks and damage to your roof.
- Easily-damaged roofs like asphalt shingles would mean more frequent repair and maintenance.
- Some types of asphalt shingles are more susceptible to algae and moss growth than other roofing materials, which can cause discoloration and shorten their lifespan.
Metal Roofs Pros
- Metal roofs are highly durable, low-maintenance, and energy-efficient roofing materials.
- They are made from recycled materials that can age up to 80 years without looking worn out.
- They reflect solar heat, so your house can reduce cooling costs in the summer and keep your home warmer during the winter. Metal roofs are also fire-resistant and can provide added protection in areas prone to wildfires or other fires.
Metal Roofs Cons
- Metal roofs are much more challenging and expensive to install than asphalt shingles.
- While they last longer than asphalt shingles, metal roofs can expand and contract with changes in temperature, which can cause noise and potential damage over time.
How Do I Choose the Right Roofing Material?
Water, Heat, and Environment
- Metal roofs reflect most of the sunlight and heat in warm climates, but this effect can make homes in colder climates more expensive to heat.
- Homes with asphalt shingle roofs tend to be warmer, costing more to keep cool in the summer and in warmer climates but less heat in colder climates.
- Homes with metal roofs sell for slightly higher values due to their longevity and popularity compared to asphalt shingle roofs.
- However, the age and maintenance quality of a shingle-roofed home has a greater impact on resale value than the material choice in most cases.